After months of agonising, you make a tough decision. The business is going to make (or propose) redundancies.
Now you need to think about implementation. Which position(s) should be made redundant? How am I going to break the news? Should redeployment be offered? Can redundant employees bring an unfair dismissal claim?
Below we share our top tips.
1. Redeployment – assume nothing
Many employers make assumptions about an employee’s willingness or ability to undertake a vacancy within the business. An employer may assume the job is too junior, pays too little, or the employee does not have the requisite qualifications and experience etc. So a vacancy is neither offered nor discussed with the employee.
Jenny Craig Weight Loss Centres Pty Ltd v Margolina is a valuable lesson about making assumptions like this. Here the employer failed to offer a Regional Manager earning about $102,000 per year redeployment opportunities paying around $38,000 per year. The employer considered it would have been an insult to offer the lower paying roles to the redundant employee.
The employee disagreed and claimed unfair dismissal. She argued that lower paying jobs should have been offered to her. She gave evidence that the reduced working hours of these jobs would have suited her because:
“At that time in my life I would be happy to even do a part-time job with the company because my daughter did not know I’m her mother”.
The Commission found the employer should have offered a lower paying job.
This case demonstrates that the failure to offer redeployment opportunities will expose employers to an unfair dismissal claim. In such instances, the Fair Work Commission can order up to 26 weeks’ wages as compensation to the employee.
2. Understand the ‘consultation’ obligations
Employers need to understand their consultation obligations. However, there are conflicting views in the case law regarding what the model Modern Award consultation term regarding major workplace changes actually requires.
A recent decision of the Federal Circuit Court of Australia indicates that employees must have meaningful discussions with employees before proceeding to make the final decision to introduce major workplace changes. These discussions are to, amongst other things, give the employee an opportunity to persuade their employer not to proceed with a potential redundancy.
Conversely, the Full Bench of the Fair Work Commission has held that the model consultation term does not require employers to provide an employee with an opportunity to change a definite decision to make redundancies. This is because the consultation term only creates an obligation to discuss changes, not to consult with employees (this discussion must still occur before the change is implemented).
Until there is further clarification in this area of the law, employers should ensure they have meaningful discussions with an employee prior to making a final decision about whether the employee’s position will be made redundant.
Further, if an Enterprise Agreement includes an obligation to consult about changes, then an opportunity to persuade the employer to revoke or modify its proposed decision should be provided.
Additionally, the Fair Work Act includes consultation obligations which sometimes apply. Employers proposing to make 15 or more employees redundant will need to consult with union(s) if one or more employees are union members and the union(s) is entitled to represent employee(s)’ industrial interests (i.e., the union has coverage).
The Fair Work Act includes further obligations to notify Centrelink where there are 15 or more redundancies.
3. Check your selection criteria doesn’t indirectly discriminate
Employers should check the selection criteria for deciding who would be made redundant do not indirectly discriminate.
The classic example here is making all part-time or casual employees redundant in the first round of redundancies. Sometimes the demographics of a workforce can be such that a higher proportion of part-time and casual employees are female (whereas a higher percentage of males work full-time).
Without seeking advice around lawful and appropriate selection criteria, employers may expose themselves to discrimination and other claims.
4. Support, support, support
Not all employees will react the same way to the news of redundancy. Some may be thrilled at the prospect of tax-free redundancy pay. Others may be worried about supporting their families and meeting financial commitments. Some employees may just want to be left alone.
Be as flexible and supportive as possible. This may include allowing employees time off work to attend interviews. It may also include supporting employees via EAP and outplacement services.
Anecdotally, employees who feel supported during the redundancy process are more likely to advocate your brand. They may also be less inclined to litigate.
5. Get help early
If you feel you’re out of your depth, it’s a good sign you probably are.
There are so many potential pitfalls with redundancy. And there is a significant body of case law about them.
It’s best to get good advice early. It could save your business much heartache and expense later.
Adam Colquhoun, Principal
This article is general information only. It is not legal advice. If you need legal advice, please contact us.
 Saad v Ada Evans Chambers Pty Ltd & Anor  FCCA 1832
 Ventyx Pty Ltd v Mr Paul Murray  FWCFB 2143